By Liana Tang

In the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, safe management restrictions, such as social distancing, created surreal learning and social environments for everyone. As many businesses tightened their financials, cut back on staff, or folded altogether, many found jobs hard to come by. …


By Tse Hao Guang

Whenever humans work in groups, we display collective intelligence (CI) to varying degrees. In this sense, CI has always been with us. Families, companies, countries and the economy are examples of humans working together in CI systems, utilising various tools at our disposal to address problems…


By Maverick Teo

What if there was a unit of currency in which the acts of giving and receiving could cultivate friendship and meaningful relationships? What if all time spent is of equal value? What if this currency could enable more active and fulfilling lives for people, especially seniors? …


By Liana Tang

What do the sharing economy and the transcendentalist movement have in common?

The chaos and uncertainty that many perceive of the world today have driven people to varying states of distress and perhaps even madness. The general frustrations at industrialised, capitalist society, disdain at the failings of…


By Lee Chor Pharn

What comes after Westphalia?

The nation-state rose from the unique path Western Europe took after the Thirty Years War ended in 1648. This defined a particular notion of national sovereignty that then geographically spread from the peninsula of Europe through colonialism to reshape the world. The…


By Gurubaran Subramaniam and Calissa Man

2021 begins on a hopeful note as COVID-19 vaccine development, distribution and administration are well underway. …


By Angel Chew

At the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, a third of the world’s population was under some form of lockdown. …


By Lucas Loh

The COVID-19 pandemic has been a generational shock, which has increased the salience of preparing for global, long-term threats–including the existential issues of climate change and resource resilience. Governments, businesses and communities have all made public commitments to a more sustainable and resilient post-pandemic world. However, some…


By Tse Hao Guang

Governments and other organisations are using technological solutions to safely resume economic and social activity amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Some solutions, such as track-and-trace technologies to complement manual contact tracing, have been criticised for having limited utility in controlling COVID-19 transmission. Nonetheless, there are signs that…


By Calissa Man and Louise Cheng

As the COVID-19 crisis continues, we have looked to past security, health and environmental shocks for ideas about how societies, economies, and governance may change as a result. While the past does not wholly determine our present, the study of other major shocks offers…

Centre for Strategic Futures

Welcome to CSF Singapore’s blog site, a space to share our shorter think-pieces and reflections. Visit our main website at www.csf.gov.sg

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